UNESCO General History of Africa, Volume 2: Ancient Africa
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The result of years of work by scholars from all over the world, The UNESCO General History of Africa reflects how the different peoples of Africa view their civilizations and shows the historical relationships between the various parts of the continent. Historical connections with other continents demonstrate Africa's contribution to the development of human civilization. Each volume is lavishly illustrated and contains a comprehensive bibliography.
^ ® R m t kmt = the m e n of the country of the black m e n or the m e n of the black country. In Egyptian, words are normally followed by a determinative which indicates their exact sense, and for this particular expression Egyptologists suggest that ¿ q | ^ k m = black and that the colour qualifies the determinative which follows it and which signifies 'country'. Accordingly, they claim, the translation should be 'the black earth' from the colour of the loam, or the 'black country', and not
the Meroitic script'. Cf. Studies and Documents N o . 1, U N E S C O , 1978. 49 Ancient Civilizations of Africa hundred as compared with a total of several thousand words. T h e Egyptian language could not be isolated from its African context and its origin could not be fully explained in terms of Semitic, it was thus quite normal to expect to find related languages in Africa'. T h e genetic, that is, non-accidental relationship between Egyptian and the African languages was recognized:
interdisciplinary discussions, and as a starting point for further researches which were clearly shown to be necessary. T h e large number of recommendations is a reflection of the desire of the symposium to suggest a future programme of research. Lastly, the symposium enabled specialists w h o had never previously had the opportunity of comparing and contrasting their points of view to discover other approaches to problems, other sources of information and other lines of research than those to
on the worship of the other gods until later in his reign, possibly not until the thirtieth year of the reign, the probable date when his son Amenhotep IV (later k n o w n as Akhenaton) became co-regent. Physically weak, with a frail, effeminate body, the new king had in him the makings of neither soldier nor statesman. H e was mostly concerned with matters of the mind and spirit or, rather, his o w n mind and spirit. Exulting in the epithet He-who-lives-on-Truth, he sought an ever closer and
neighbouring communities; this is indicated by the n u m b e r of ivory handles and plaques of Egyptian motifs in the decoration of some bronze bowls and especially in attempts to imitate Egyptian dress, the winged scarabs and the falcon-headed sphinxes. Egyptian artistic influence, which has been observed in Phoenician and Syrian art, is actually combined with local artistic motifs, as well as other foreign elements, both in sculpture in the round and in reliefs. This phenomenon can be observed